BASIC NEED

BASIC NEED OF HUMAN AND ANIMAL
1. All living things have their basic needs to stay alive


2. They will die if their basic needs are not fulfilled for a long time


3. The basic needs of human and animals are:


  • Food
  • Water
  • Air
  • Shelter




4. However, the basic needs of plants are:


  • Water
  • Sunlight
  • Air




HUMAN AND ANIMAL NEEDS SHELTER


  1. Humans and animals need shelter to protect themselves from danger, the sun and the rain
  2. People need houses to live in; where members of the family can enjoy, relax and have a good meal.
  3. Comfortable homes and good environment will make people happy and healthy
  4. There are many types of house such as hut, long house, flat,terrace house and bungalow.
  5. different animals live in different places. Some on land, some in water while some live both on land and in the water. The type of shelter are summarised in table below


Shelter
Animal

Nest

Bees

Holes

Earthworm

Cave

Bats

Coral Reefs

Fish





HUMAN AND ANIMAL NEES FOOD
1. Human and animals need food for:
  • Growth
  • Repairing of tissues
  • Energy
  • Defence against diseases
  • Producing heat to keep the body warm
2. Humans and animals cannot make their own food. Thus humans and animals obtain their food from      
    plants and other animals

3. Humans and animals will die without food



HUMAN AND ANIMAL NEES WATER

1.Water is essential to humans and animals

2. Human and animals need water to

  • Maintain the body temperature
  • Transport digested food throughout the body
  • Help in removing waste from the body
  • Help in blood circulation
3. Humans and animal will dieif they do not get sufficient water for a long time

4. Humans should drink about eight glasses of water daily

5. Vegetable, milk and fruit content water.

HUMAN AND ANIMAL NEEDS AIR

1.Air is even more essential to humans and animals for survival

2. Without air, humans and animals will die in just a short time

3. Humans and animals use the oxygen in the air to breathe





PLANTS NEEDS SUNLIGHT

1.Green plants can make their own food throught photosynthesis

2. Sunlight is necessary for photosynthesis. Without sunlight plants will die

3. Green leaves contain chlophyll (a green pigment) to trap sunlight

4. Sunlight provides the energy needed for water to combine with carbon dioxide to produce glucose in the leaves. Oxygen is produced as a by-product.






PLANTS NEEDS WATER

1. Plants absorb water from the soil through their roots

2. Plants need water for

  • making food during photosynthesis
  • transporting food and minerals to the plant tissues keeping the plant cells turgid




PLANTS NEED AIR

1.Plants need oxygen from the air for respiration

2. Plants also need carbon dioxide from the air to make food

3. Plants make food throught photosynthesis

4. Plants will die without air.

1 条评论:

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